Cardiovascular Diseases


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are disorders of the heart and blood vessels and include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease and other conditions.

​Four out of five Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) deaths are due to heart attacks and strokes. 

Individuals at risk of CVDs may demonstrate raised blood pressure, glucose, and lipids as well as overweight and obesity.

Cardiovascular diseases can all lead to serious medical events such as Heart attack and Stroke. 

‘Brain attack’ is the modern word for Stroke. It is a medical emergency that should be treated in hospital as soon as possible after it happens

Older men and women are more likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases. Some cardiovascular diseases can be experienced by younger men, women and children. 

Risk of Cardiovascular diseases include:
  • Male gender
  • Family history(of CHD, Diabetes, gout, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or Rheumatic Fever)
  • Cigarette and tobacco smoking
  • High blood pressure/Hypertension
  •  High cholesterol
  • Being overweight
  • Having Diabetes
  • Having high stress
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • In case of Rheum fever, living in an overcrowded area with poor sanitation
  • The use of the oral contraceptive pills, for women 
  • Drug abuse as risk of stroke

How to prevent cardiovascular Diseases
  • Follow your healthy eating plan
  • Giving up smoking completely
  •  Take control of your blood pressure - your blood pressure needs to be constantly lower than 135/80 or it can cause problems. Get blood pressure checked at you’re your nearest clinics
  • Get you weight under control – if you are overweight or obese, you can lower your risk for cardiovascular diseases by losing weight
  •  Manage your stress cause it can increase your blood pressure,
  • ​Reduce your intake to alcohol 
  • If you identify cardiovascular diseases early, there is free or inexpensive treatment available that can prevent Heart Attacks and Stroke.
  • Your child should see a doctor if he or she has signs or symptoms of Stroke/Brain
  •  If you have already survived a heart attack or stroke you are at higher risk from having more and dying
  • ​You may need surgery to treat a cardiovascular diseases

Beware of some signs and symptoms of cardiovascular diseases

Coronary Heart Disease
  • Pain and discomfort in the chest when engaged in physical activity which go away when you rest.
  • Shortness of breath or unusual exhaustion during physical activity
  • Women also sometimes have atypical symptoms, such as vague discomfort in the chest.

Hypertension is known as the ‘silent killer’ because there are usually no signs and symptoms of this disease

Rheumatic Fever – signs and symptoms, which result from inflammation the heart, joints, skin or central nervous system may include: 
  • ​Fever, painful and tender joints- most often the ankles, knees, elbows or wrists, less often the shoulders, hips, hands and feet.
  • Shortness of breath
  • ​Outbursts of unusual behavior, such as crying or inappropriate laughing
  • Red, hot or swollen joints
  • Pain in one joint that migrates to another joint
  • Uncontrollable body movements

Most important signs and symptoms that you are having a brain attach or stroke include:
  • Dead feeling in the face, arm or leg on one or both sides of the body.
  • Sudden dimmed or Reduced vision – especially in one eye
  • Understanding
  • Headache for no particular reason
  • Dizzyness

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