Childhood Growth and Development

View all information about Childhood Growth and Development on this page and get in touch to let us know how we can help.


Normal growth and development of the child are dependent on four cornerstones: nutrition, protection from environment, essential health care and love.

Key messages to promote childhood growth

  • Good nutrition is very important for growth. 
  • ​All mothers should breastfeed exclusively until the baby is 6 months old.  For a mother with HIV, exclusive breastfeeding or no breastfeeding is a choice she has to make.
  • ​Mothers should continue breastfeeding until the baby is 24 months old.
  • Mothers or caregivers should introduce solids at 6 months only if the baby appears hungry after breastfeeding or is not gaining weight adequately.
  • When introducing solids, start with 1 to 2 teaspoon per day after breastfeeding, then increase frequency.
  • Once feeding is established, mothers should give 5 meals per day.
  • At 9 months the baby should be eating family foods four to five times daily.
  • ​Mothers who are ill should continue breastfeeding during illness.

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